|Electronic Music Studios (London) Ltd. (usually abbreviated to EMS) is a synthesizer company formed in 1969 by Dr. Peter Zinovieff. This same year the company created the VCS 3. The synthesizer owned and developed by Peter Zinovieff was kept, used and perfected in the basement of his London house.|
It was his synthesizers and London studios that were used by artists such as The Pink Floyd (Meddle, Obscured by Clouds, Dark Side of the Moon, Animals, Wish You Were Here), BBC Radiophonic Workshop, Brian Eno & Roxy Music, Tangerine Dream (all early albums), Hawkwind, Tim Blake, and Jean Michel Jarre.
Rather than using patch cords to route audio and control signals among modules, EMS synthesizers used a matrix plugboard into which the user stuck special pins that connected an input (listed on the Y-axis of the matrix) to an output (on the X-axis). This was much easier to examine than the myriad of patch cords used to connect modules on systems such as a Moog modular synthesizer.